After a Phase 1 assessment, which is the initial screening for environmental impact, the project team will evaluate and select from 4 to 6 sites for consideration of a Phase 2 (an assessment that includes environmental sampling to determine if impacts exists). Assessment results may determine the need and extent of any cleanup or controls to prevent exposure to contamination. The City will provide cleanup and/or mitigation planning and cost estimates as part of the Phase II assessment.

The areas north of Old Town and along the Poudre River were historically used for several commercial and industrial purposes because they were located in the historical City center and along the river that provided convenient transportation and a source of power and water. These locations can carry a stigma of environmental impacts because of past uses that may have generated waste. This area contains desirable riverfront land, is adjacent to Old Town, and is already identified as ideal for infill development. Brownfield assessments can remove the stigma of environmental impacts or provide an opportunity for cleanup. Future Brownfield assessment or cleanup grants may be sought for other locations in the future.

No. A Superfund site is land that more severely contaminated and has high concentrations of hazardous waste or pollution, therefore posing a real threat to human health and/or the environment. Superfund sites are listed on the National Priorities List; Brownfields are not.

The project does not impose any clean up requirements, but does provide valuable information and expertise to make informed decisions with regard to environmental matters. The only exception might be that a property owner may be obligated to report impacts originating from their property if it is found to be affecting neighboring/adjacent properties or public health. Cleanup or mitigation of contamination (e.g., a restrictive covenant) is dependent on many criteria including land use goals and whether the impact is confined to the property.